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After all, the latest film takes place over 20 years after the first movie, and a whole lot has changed; there's new park owners, new attractions, and, most importantly, new dinosaurs.

And then there's the biggest question of all: is the Jurassic World island real? Sure, it's an integral part of the film franchise, familiar to all of the movies' fans — but does Isla Nublar actually exist in real life?

Sorry to disappoint fans hoping to catch a glimpse of the famous area on their next vacation, but the answer is: not quite.

Although Isla Nublar itself — a tropical island said to be about miles from the coast of Costa Rica — was created solely for the movie, it's most likely based off an actual spot: Cocos Island, also located off the coast of the country.

Although the connection hasn't been confirmed by the movies' creators, a video game based off the franchise used the topography of Cocos Island as a substitute for Isla Nublar.

Even more proof? As fans of Jurassic Park know, back in the original film, the owners of InGen worked tirelessly to create a dinosaur-filled theme park on Isla Nublar.

The scientists' work didn't go as planned, however, and the island became too dangerous a place for humans a roam; at the film's end, the characters boarded a helicopter and left for somewhere safer, and the fate of the island — and its inhabitants — was left unknown.

In , under pressure from Magnus, the king of Scotland quitclaimed to him all sovereign authority over the isles. The former territory of Dal Riata acquired the geographic description Argyle now Argyll : the Gaelic coast.

Somerled built the sea fortress of Claig Castle on an island at the southern tip of Jura, establishing control of the Sound of Islay; on account of the Corryvreckan whirlpool, this essentially gave him control of the sea traffic between the Scottish mainland and the Hebrides.

After his death, nominal Norwegian authority was re-established, but de facto authority was split between Somerled's sons and the Crovan dynasty.

Somerled's son Dougall received the part of Jura north of Loch Tarbert along with adjacent islands further north , while Dougal's nephew Donald received the rest of Jura, as well as Islay, and lands to the east.

It is unclear why Jura was split like this, but it may have been connected to a dispute with Donald's other uncle, Angus , who Donald and his brother had ultimately dispossessed.

In the mid 13th century, increased tension between Norway and Scotland led to a series of Battles, culminating in the Battle of Largs , shortly after which the Norwegian king died.

Alexander generally acknowledged the semi-independent authority of Somerled's heirs. At the end of the 13th century, king John Balliol was challenged for the throne by Robert de Bruys.

John of Islay, the head of the MacDonald family married the heir of the MacRory family , thereby acquiring the remaining share of Somerled's realm, and transforming it into the Lordship of the Isles , which lasted for over a century.

Though the MacDougalls had had authority over part of Jura, the MacInnes had been left in unmolested possession of the land, as vassals.

Now, however, with the MacDonalds in charge of the entire island, the situation changed. The head of the MacDonalds was unhappy to have tenants who had supported John Balliol and the MacDougalls, so, in , he asked the chief of the MacLean family to assassinate the MacInnes' leaders; so thorough was this carried out that to this day the MacInnes have had no-one to become their new chief, and consequently they dispersed throughout Scotland.

The MacLeans established a castle in Glen Garrisdale , as a stronghold, which they named Aros Castle, like one of their castles elsewhere.

Towards the end of the 15th century, the Lords of the Isles made increasing efforts to establish full independence. John MacDonald, the then Lord , launched a severe raid on Ross , in pursuance of this aim.

Within 2 years of the raid, in , the Lordship of the Isles was declared forfeit, and his realm became part of Scotland, rather than a dependency of the Scottish crown.

John was exiled from his former lands, and his former subjects now considered themselves to have no superior except the king. A charter was soon sent from the Scottish King confirming this state of affairs; the charter declares that Skye and the Outer Hebrides are to be considered independent from the rest of the former Lordship, leaving only Islay and Jura remaining.

Initially, the MacDonalds of Dunnyveg remained landlords of the southern part of Jura. In , Donald escaped, triggering an insurrection in his favour in parts of the former Lordship of the Isles.

When Donald was recaptured, in , the king took the precaution of transferring the property of the MacDonald family to the Campbells; in Jura, the Campbells of Craignish were the beneficiaries.

The Campbells established a base for themselves at Ardfin, at the south of Jura, to replace the nearby MacDonald stronghold of Claig Castle.

After a century of intermittent violence between the families, in the Campbells purchased from the MacDonalds a quitclaim of any rights the latter might have on Jura.

Following the Scottish reformation , the MacLeans opponents and Campbells supporters came into dispute; to a certain extent, the Campbells also saw it as an opportunity for territorial expansion.

Having complained for several years about harassment from the MacLeans, in the Campbells launched a surprise attack on Aros Castle, and killed many MacLeans; for many years in the 20th century, a human skull stood on a ledge in a nearby cave, and it was traditionally said to have been the remains of a Maclean who had been killed in this battle.

The north of the island, however, remained in MacLean hands until , when it was sold to Donald MacNeil of Colonsay. The remainder of the island was ruled and largely owned by the Campbells for a total of three centuries, by eleven successive Campbell lairds.

Under Campbell influence, shrieval authority was established under the sheriff of Argyll. With inherited Campbell control of the sheriffdom, comital authority was superfluous, and the provincial identity medieval Latin: provincia of Islay-Jura faded away.

In the mid 18th century, The Heritable Jurisdictions Act abolished both, leaving only the shrieval unit, and without Campbell control.

According to a local legend, in the early s, the Campbells of Jura evicted a man who prophesied that the last Campbell to leave the island would be one-eyed with his belongings carried in a cart drawn by a lone white horse.

In Charles Campbell, blind in one eye from a war injury, fell on hard times and led his white horse to the old pier for the last time.

Beginning in the later 18th century, long before the notorious Highland Clearances of the following century, there were several waves of emigration from Jura.

In , fifty people left for Canada , and from that point the population fluctuated, rising to a peak of in , before gradually shrinking to its 20th century level of just a few hundred.

Mercer notes [32] that although relatively few forced clearances on Jura were recorded, the emigrations were far from voluntary, being the result of factors such as hunger and spiralling rents.

Census records show that Jura's population peaked at 1, in , [1] and that, in common with many areas of western Scotland, the island's population declined steadily over the ensuing decades.

However, there has been a small increase since The census reported that In , for the first time less than half In , the old Campbell mansion at Ardfin was remodelled and extended by the architect William Burn for the laird Colin Campbell and renamed Jura House.

During the first half of the 20th century, the Campbells gradually sold the island as a number of separate estates, and the Campbell connection with Jura ended in with the sale of Jura House and its surrounding Ardfin Estate.

In his later life, George Orwell moved to Barnhill , on Jura, living there intermittently from , while critically ill with tuberculosis.

He left Jura in January to get treatment at a sanatorium in the Gloucestershire and never returned to the island. He was known to the residents of Jura by his real name, Eric Blair.

He completed Nineteen Eighty-Four at Barnhill during —48; [37] he sent the final typescript to his publishers, Secker and Warburg , on 4 December , and they published the book on 8 June Still owned by the Fletcher family who had rented it to Orwell, the four bedroom house is available for rent but is somewhat primitive for this era.

A generator supplies electricity, the small refrigerator is gas-powered and heat is provided by a coal-fired Rayburn.

He would recognise the place instantly if he were to step through the door today," Society member Damaris Fletcher told The Guardian.

In , counties were formally created, on shrieval boundaries, by a Scottish Local Government Act , under which Jura became part of the County of Argyll.

In the counties were replaced by a two-tier system of regions and districts : Jura formed part of the Argyll and Bute district within the wider Strathclyde region, however the County of Argyll continues in use as a registration county.

A further re-organisation took place in , and Jura now forms part of the unitary council area of Argyll and Bute. The island also has a community council , [42] which is responsible primarily for representing the views of the local community in dealings with other public bodies, although it can also undertake other activities such as fundraising for local projects and the running of community events.

It is also one of eight constituencies in the Highlands and Islands electoral region , which elects seven additional members , in addition to the eight constituency MSPs, to produce a form of proportional representation for the region as a whole.

There are now seven estates on Jura and a whisky distillery, all in separate ownership. Six of the estates are owned by absentee landlords, who are occasional visitors.

Jura distillery was founded in but was not used after and was dismantled. In , Robin Fletcher and Tony Riley-Smith took over the old property and built a modern distillery; they expanded it in There is also a relatively small area owned by Forestry Commission Scotland.

This figure covered production and services only, and took no account of public expenditure by government or local authority. In financial terms, the Jura distillery was the largest, and it was also the biggest individual employer, but the island's seven estates, taken together, employed the most full- and part-time staff.

The estates provide deer stalking and other field sports , together with forestry and a diminishing amount of agriculture. In a new distillery was established in the north of the island, producing Lussa Gin.

The distillery , field sports and Jura House Gardens were listed as the main tourist attractions, although the gardens have since been closed to the public.

In Jura Development Trust secured financial support from the Big Lottery Fund and other sources to purchase the island's only shop, which re-opened as a community-owned business in Jura lies close to the Scottish mainland, and yet it is often described as "remote"; [61] the island's most distinguished resident, George Orwell , famously described it as "extremely ungetatable".

Islay can also be reached by air: Islay Airport is served by daily flights from Glasgow operated by Loganair , [64] and twice weekly flights from Oban and Colonsay operated by Hebridean Air Services.

The road then continues to Lagg, Tarbert, Ardlussa and beyond. A private track runs from the road end to the far north of the island.

The island has a large population of red deer. Jura is also noted for its bird life, and especially for its raptors , including buzzards , golden eagles , white-tailed eagles and hen harriers.

In , Donald Monro , Dean of the Isles, wrote that the island was "ane ather fyne forrest for deire, inhabit and manurit at the coist syde", with "fresche water Loches, with meikell of profit" and an abundance of salmon.

However, when the soldier and military historian Sir James Turner visited Jura in , he was less impressed, reporting that '[it is] a horride ile and a habitation fit for deere and wild beastes'.

But at the end of the 17th century, the writer and traveller Martin Martin went there and concluded that 'this isle is perhaps the wholesomest plot of ground either in the isles or continent of Scotland, as appears by the long life of the natives and their state of health'.

Martin noted some extraordinary examples of longevity, including one Gillouir MacCrain, who was alleged to have kept one hundred and eighty Christmases in his own house.

And he was impressed by the good health of the inhabitants: 'There is no epidemical disease that prevails here. Fevers are but seldom observed by the natives, and any kind of flux is rare.

The gout and agues are not so much as known by them, neither are they liable to sciatica. Convulsions, vapours, palsies, surfeits, lethargies, megrims, consumptions, rickets, pains of the stomach or coughs, are not frequent here, and none of them are at any time observed to become mad.

Like all inhabited Hebridean islands, Jura has its own indigenous tradition of Gaelic song and poetry. In music, Jura is mentioned in: "Crossing to Jura", a song by R.

Kennedy and D. The album Poets and Lighthouses by Tuvan singer Albert Kuvezin of the band Yat Kha was recorded and produced by the British musician Giles Perring on Jura, with some of the performances being recorded in the now largely felled forest at Lagg.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Jura shown within Argyll and Bute. Main article: Paps of Jura. Retrieved 17 August James Thin and Mercat Press reprint.

The Internet Guide to Scotland. Retrieved 7 December Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 13 July Scottish Natural Heritage.

December Retrieved 19 March Retrieved 17 January

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